Competitive Employment


Competitive Employment Banner

Competitive Employment is when all the following is met:

  • Work is performed on a full-time or part-time basis
  • The individual is compensated at least minimum wage, or is not less than the customary rate paid by the employer for the same or similar work performed by other employees who do not have a disability
  • The individual is eligible for the level of benefits provided to other full-time and part-time employees
  • The job is considered integrated, which means that it occurs at a location where the individual interacts with persons without disabilities to the same extent possible who are not receiving home and community-based waiver services.

Reporting Period 2020 shows that there were 4,574 people working in 4,653 jobs classified as Competitive Employment. This is a 4% decrease in the number of people working in Competitive Employment and a 4% decrease in Competitive Jobs from Reporting Period 2019. 

The map below shows the distribution of those competitively employed throughout the state. The number on each county is the distinct count of people that are competitively employed in that county. 

The darker the color of a county indicates that there are more individuals competitively employed in that county. 

When you hover over a specific county, you will see the break down of the top five occupations (if applicable) for those competitively employed in that specific county.

Some counties may not have a "top five", but will list the top number of occupations their county has up to five. 

You may notice that the distinct count of individuals (shown on the map) and the count of occupations (located within the tooltip) does not always match. This is because a person can have multiple jobs. The map is showing you the distinct count of people that are competitively employed, and the tooltip visualization is showing you the number of occupations. 

If a county is blank/missing on the below map, that means that specific county did not have any entries for Competitive Employment in the 2020 Reporting Period. For example, Pike county did not report anyone competitively employed in OTS for the 2020 Reporting Period. 

If you would like to view the Competitive Employment Map for the previous Reporting Period, you will use the 'Reporting Period' filter at the top of the visualization.


Competitive Employment - Heat Map


The visualizations below provide a look at the average hours and wages reported for someone that has been reported within Reporting Period 2020 as being Competitively Employed. 

The left column chart provides the number of jobs for the identified average hours range. As indicated on the viz, you can see that the majority of jobs worked on average between 15-19.99 hours per week. 

The bar chart on the right provides the number of jobs for the identified average wages range. As indicated on the viz, you can see that the majority of jobs earned between $8.71-$9.99 per hour. 

As indicated on the bar chart, you can see that there were 432 jobs that earned less than minimum wage. 52% (224) of these jobs were making $8.55, which was the minimum wage in 2019. Additionally, many of these jobs are in the occupation category "Food Preparation and Servicing Related", which could account for jobs that are making less than minimum wage such as a server or waiter/waitress. 

The overall statewide average for those competitively employed earned $11 an hour and worked 21 hours a week.  


Competitive Employment - Hours and Wages


This visualization allows you to see the occupation categories for those competitively employed. These categories are the same classifications used and established through the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

When the classification is reported within OTS, it is based upon the person's duties, and not just based on the job/job title. 

There are 23 major groups within this classification system, and there is representation of 21 of the 23 groups. The two groups that are not identified for anyone competitively employed in Reporting Period 2020 is "Military Specific Occupations" and "Management Occupations". 

For Reporting Period 2020, the top three occupation categories for those competitively employed were "Food Preparation and Servicing Related" at 34%, "Sales and Related" at 22%, and "Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance" at 18%. 


Competitive Employment - Occupation


Of the 4,574 people employed competitively, 48% (2,188) were eligible to receive fringe benefits. Of the 2,188 people eligible to receive fringe benefits, 95% were receiving at least one fringe benefit. 

Of the 4,653 competitive jobs, 47% (2,248) are eligible to receive at least one fringe benefit, and 95% of those jobs are also receiving at least one benefit. 


Competitive Employment - Eligible and Receiving Fringe Benefits


The below visualization shows the breakdown of the fringe benefits for those who were competitively employed for the 2020 Reporting Period.

If you would like to see the fringe benefits for the previous Reporting Period, please use the filter. 

Of the 4,653 competitive jobs, 47% of the jobs (2,248) were eligible for fringe benefits. 

Of those 2,248 jobs eligible to receive fringe benefits, 95% (2,130) provided at least one type of fringe benefit to the employee. 

The treemap shows the different combinations of fringe benefits that those competitively employed were receiving in September 2021. The top three fringe benefits were:

Employee Discounts (44%);

Paid Time Off (21%); and

Employment Discounts and Paid Time Off (12%).


Competitive Employment - Fringe Benefits


This visualization shows the modes of transportation for someone working in Competitive Employment for Reporting Period 2020. 

If you wish to see the modes of transportation for those competitively employed for the previous Reporting Period, please use the filter. 

The top four modes of transportation for Reporting Period 2020 include:

40% are driven to their place of employment by their agency or independent provider;

21% of people were driven to work by a family, friend, or co-worker;

16% of people drove themselves; and

14% took public transportation.


Competitive Employment - Transportation