State Level Resources

Pre-Employment Transition Services

Pre-Employment Transition Services are offered to students through Opportunities for Ohioans with Disabilities and are introductory services that are intended to help students with disabilities get an early start in identifying career interests. Pre-Employment Transition Services are for students with disabilities who need these services and have been determined eligible for Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) services or are potentially eligible but have not applied for VR services.  To learn more about Pre-Employment Transition Services please visit the following link:



Employment First Founding Statute and Administrative Rule

According to state law in Ohio, employment services for people with developmental disabilities shall be directed at community employment and all people with developmental disabilities are presumed capable of community employment.

Employment First Administrative Rule (5123: 2-2-05)

  • Community Employment is competitive employment that takes place in an integrated setting
  • Every individual of working age (aged 18 and older) will have a person-centered planning process to identify their desired employment outcome and their place on the path to community employment
  • Services and supports will be provided to help the individual move along the path to community employment
  • County boards are required to develop and implement an Employment First policy, set benchmarks to increase community employment outcomes, partner with schools and other community agencies to support individuals to obtain community employment, share information with individuals, families, schools, employers, providers and others in the community about Medicaid Buy-In, and collect employment data on individuals served.
  • Providers are required to submit progress reports at least every 12 months to ensure the individual is moving along the path to community employment and collect employment data on individuals served

Ohio Department of Education and Opportunities for Ohioans with Disabilities Ohio Transition Support Partnership (OTSP)

The Ohio Department of Education (ODE) and Opportunities for Ohioans with Disabilities (OOD) are partnering to improve post-secondary outcomes for students with disabilities, beginning at age 14. This innovative collaboration will change the nature and impact of transition services for students with disabilities in Ohio. The new model will help students with disabilities get a head start on becoming job ready and better prepared to enter the workforce with the skills necessary to be successful in today’s workforce.


Taskforce Common Principles

The Employment First Taskforce agencies agree that Ohio needs a coordinated state effort that examines existing practices in our system to identify and address barriers to employment for people with developmental disabilities.

Common Principles

Taskforce Transition Vision Plan

Ohio was one of 16 states selected to participate in the Employment First State Leadership Mentor Program (EFSLMP) coordinated by the Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP). Through this program, ODEP provides technical assistance for provider capacity building and on a set vision plan. The Ohio Employment First Taskforce is working on a vision plan that is centered on serving transition age youth and increasing community employment outcomes for youth with disabilities.

State of Ohio Transition Vision Core Principles

  • Competitive, Integrated employment is the expectation for all youth with disabilities
  • Transition planning for youth requires multi-agency collaboration
  • Early dialogue with individuals and families is critical to ensuring employment outcomes
  • There are multiple pathways to employment
  • Person-centered planning is key to the development of effective services and supports for transition-age youth

Transition Planning Requirements in IEPs

Transition planning is required to begin formally and be documented in the Individualized Education Program (IEP) by age 14.  The IEP must include a post-secondary goal for employment that is based on age-appropriate transition assessments related to employment in a competitive environment in which workers are integrated regardless of disability.

Transition assessment affords the opportunity for professionals from across agencies to co-plan and review information that will highlight the youth's preferences, interests, needs and skills relevant to building a profile of the youth as a future employee.  A  team approach to assessment –adult service personnel, educators, youth and family working collaboratively—results in a profile that informs the pathway to community employment that is the 'best fit' for the youth.

SB 316 IEP Requirements