Group Employment


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Group Employment is when individuals work as a team, generally at a single worksite of a host community business or industry, with initial training, supervision, and ongoing support provided by on-site staff.

There are three different types of Group Employment:

  1. Enclave
  2. Mobile Work Crew
  3. Provider Owned Business

Enclaves are where individuals work in a self-contained unit within a company or service site in the community or perform multiple jobs in the company, but are not integrated with non-disabled employees of the company.

Mobile Work Crews are where individuals operate together as a distinct unit and/or self-contained businesses working in several locations within the community.

Provider Owned Business is where individuals work individually or as a team at a single community business or industry where the Medicaid Home and Community Based Waiver provider or the ICF Day Services Provider is also the employer (i.e. issues the paycheck to the individual employee).


In Reporting Period 2019, 61.22% of Group Integrated jobs were Enclaves, while 24.12% were Provider Owned Businesses, and 17.77% were Mobile Work Crews. 

Out of the three different types of Group Integrated jobs, those employed in Enclaves (63.46%) were receiving fringe benefits more often than those employed in Mobile Work Crews (29.91%) and Provider Owned Businesses (13.78%)


This visualization shows you the different types of Group Integrated jobs and their respective average hours and wages for Reporting Period 2019. 

Enclave jobs paid an average of $8.18 an hour and those employed worked an average of 15.28 hours a week. 

Mobile Work Crew positions paid an average of $8.35 an hour and those employed worked an average of 11.58 hours a week. 

Provider Owned Business jobs paid an average of $7.38 per hour and those employed work an average of 9.55 hours per week.